Conservation Priority List

 

CONSERVATION PRIORITY LIST

How is it determined?
How does a breed get on the list? (parameters)

Download Lists

 

 

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Critical: Breeds with fewer than 200 annual registrations in the United States and an estimated global population of less than 500. For rabbits, fewer than 50 annual registrations in the U.S., estimated global population less than 500, fewer than 150 recorded at rabbit shows in the previous 5 years, and 10 or fewer breeders. For poultry, fewer than 500 birds in the U.S., with five or fewer primary breeding flocks (50 birds or more), and an estimated global population less than1,000.

Threatened: Breeds with fewer than 1,000 annual registrations in the United States and an estimated global population of less than 5,000. For rabbits, fewer than 100 annual registrations in the U.S., and estimated global population less than 1,000, fewer than 300 recorded at rabbit shows in the previous 5 years, and 11-30 breeders. For poultry, fewer than 1,000 breeding birds in the U.S., with seven or fewer primary breeding flocks, and an estimated global population less than 5,000.

Watch: Breeds that present genetic or numberical concerns or have a limited geographic distribution, with fewer than 2,500 annual registrations in the United States and an estimated global population less than 10,000. For rabbits, fewer than 200 annual registrations in the U.S., estimated global population less than 2,000, fewer than 500 recorded at rabbit shows in the previous 5 years, and 31-60 breeders. For poultry, fewer than 5,000 breeding birds in the U.S., with 10 or fewer primary breeding flocks, and an estimated global population less than 10,000. 

Recovering: Breeds once listed in another category, but have exceeded Watch category numbers, and still need monitoring. For rabbits, more than 500 recorded at rabbit shows in the previous 5 years, and more than 60 breeders. 

Study: Breeds that require further research to learn whether their history, genetic integrity, global status, and U.S. numbers merit listing on the Conservation Priority List. This step is necessary to clearly target The Livestock Conservancy's conservation efforts toward breeds that not only require conservation, but can also benefit from our conservation efforts. Breeds in this category are only listed online. 

Poultry disclaimer: Breed identity in poultry is challenging. Breeders of all kinds, including exhibition, production, and hatchery, are diligent in breeding standard-bred birds. Other breeders sometimes resort to crossbreeding to achieve their goals and promote their birds as standard-bred. The Livestock Conservancy is unable to validate each breeding program, but buyers are encouraged to ask if birds are purebred and meet breed standards. 

 

NORTH AMERICAN BREEDS

CATTLE

CHICKENS

DONKEYS

DUCKS

GEESE

GOATS

Canadienne (Critical)

Milking Devon (Critical)

Randall or Randall Lineback (Critical)

Texas Longhorn CTLR - Cattleman's Texas Longhorn Registry (Critical)

Florida Cracker (Threatened)

Pineywoods (Threatened)

Chirikof Island (Study)

Criollo Chihuahua (Study)

North American Yak (Study)

Holland (Critical)

Cubalaya (Threatened)

Rhode Island White (Threatened)

Buckeye (Watch)

Chantecler (Watch)

Delaware (Watch)

Dominique (Watch)

Java (Watch)

Jersey Giant (Watch)

New Hampshire (Watch)

Rhode Island Red – Non-Industrial (Watch)

Plymouth Rock (Recovering)

American Mammoth
Jackstock
(Critical)

Ancona (Watch)

Cayuga (Watch)

Australian Spotted (Study)

Cotton Patch (Critical)

Pilgrim (Threatened)

American Buff (Watch)

San Clemente Island (Critical)

Spanish (Watch)

Myotonic or Tennessee
Fainting
(Recovering)

HORSES

PIGS

RABBITS

SHEEP

TURKEYS

 

American Cream (Critical)

Banker1 (Critical)

Canadian (Critical)

Florida Cracker1 (Critical)

Galiceño1(Critical)

Marsh Tacky1 (Critical)

Morgan - Traditional (Critical) Includes horses whose pedigrees are absent of outcrosses after 1930.

Newfoundland Pony (Critical)

Colonial Spanish (Threatened)
   Baca-Chica (Threatened)
   Choctaw (Threatened)
   Santa Cruz (Threatened)
   Sulphur (Threatened)
   Wilbur-Cruce (Threatened)
Includes several different registries, each with somewhat different goals (SMR, SSMA, SBHA, AIHR, HOA). Under this umbrella some strains have independent conservation programs and are noted individually.

Rocky Mountain /
Mountain Pleasure (Threatened)

Puerto Rican Paso Fino (Threatened)

Belgian (Recovering)

1 Each of these breeds has an independent, stand-alone registry and conservation program. Each has also contributed to the Colonial Spanish breed.

Choctaw (Critical)

Mulefoot (Critical)

Ossabaw Island (Critical)

Guinea Hog (Threatened)

Red Wattle (Threatened)

Hereford (Recovering)

American (Watch)

American Chinchilla (Watch)

Giant Chinchilla (Watch)

Palomino (Watch)

Silver Fox (Recovering)

Florida Cracker (Critical)

Gulf Coast or Gulf Coast Native (Critical)

Hog Island (Critical)

Navajo-Churro (Critical)

Santa Cruz (Critical)

Jacob - American (Threatened)

Karakul - American (Threatened)

Romeldale/CVM (Threatened)

Barbados Blackbelly (Watch)

St. Croix (Watch)

Tunis (Watch)

Beltsville Small White (Critical)

Black (Threatened)

Royal Palm (Threatened)

White Holland (Threatened)

Bourbon Red (Watch)

Bronze (Watch)

Narragansett (Watch)

Slate (Watch)

All Other Varieties that are distinct, but not APA recognized includng Chocolate, Jersey Buff, Lavender, Midget White, and other distinct color varieties. Does not include broad-breasted varieites because they are not endangered. (Watch)

 

 

BREEDS IMPORTED BEFORE 1900

CATTLE

CHICKENS

DONKEYS

DUCKS

GEESE

GOATS

Dutch Belted (Critical)

Heritage Shorthorn - Native (Critical) Milking Shorthorns that qualify for the "Native" designation are identified as pure, old line, dual purpose Milking Shorthorns, by the AMSS office. 

Red Poll (Threatened)

Guernsey (Watch)

Dexter (Recovering)

Galloway (Recovering)

Red Devon (Recovering)

Campine (Critical)

Crèvecoeur (Critical)

La Fleche (Critical)

Malay (Critical)

Modern Game (Critical)

Redcap (Critical)

Sultan (Critical)

White-Faced Black Spanish (Critical)

Houdan (Threatened)

Sebright (Threatened)

Ancona (Watch)

Andalusian (Watch)

Cornish (Watch)

Dorking (Watch)

Hamburg (Watch)

Langshan (Watch)

Minorca (Watch)

Polish (Watch)

Sumatra (Watch)

Brahma (Recovering)

Cochin (Recovering)

Leghorn - Non-Industrial (Recovering)

 

Aylesbury (Critical)

Buff or Orpington (Threatened)

Rouen - Non-Industrial (Watch)

Pomeranian (Threatened)

Sebastopol (Threatened)

African (Watch)

Chinese (Watch)

Toulouse - Dewlap (Watch)

 

HORSES

PIGS

RABBITS

SHEEP

TURKEYS

 

Cleveland Bay (Critical)

Hackney Horse (Critical)

Shire (Critical)

Suffolk (Critical)

Clydesdale (Threatened)

Tamworth (Watch)

Saddleback (Study)

Belgian Hare (Recovering)

Beveren (Recovering)

Cotswold (Threatened)

Dorset Horn (Threatened)

Lincoln (Threatened)

Oxford (Watch)

Shropshire (Watch)

Southdown (Recovering)

   

BREEDS IMPORTED AFTER 1900

CATTLE

CHICKENS

DONKEYS

DUCKS

GEESE

GOATS

Kerry (Critical)

Lincoln Red (Critical)

Ancient White Park (Threatened)

Belted Galloway (Watch)

Ankole-Watusi (Recovering)

Nankin (Critical)

Yokohama (Critical)

Aseel (Threatened)

Faverolles (Threatened)

Icelandic (Threatened)

Lakenvelder (Threatened)

Old English Game (Threatened)

Russian Orloff (Threatened)

Spitzhauben (Threatened)

Buttercup (Watch)

Catalana (Watch)

Phoenix (Watch)

Shamo (Watch)

Australorp (Recovering)

Sussex (Recovering)

Araucana (Study)

Saipan (Study)

Poitou (Critical)

Miniature Donkey (Watch)

Dutch Hookbill (Critical)

Magpie (Threatened)

Saxony (Threatened)

Silver Appleyard (Threatened)

Campbell (Watch)

Swedish (Watch)

Welsh Harlequin (Watch)

Runner or Indian Runner (Recovering)

Roman (Critical)

Shetland (Critical)

Steinbacher (Critical)

Gray (Study)

Arapawa (Critical)

Oberhasli (Recovering)

HORSES

PIGS

RABBITS

SHEEP

TURKEYS

 

Caspian (Critical)

Dales Pony (Critical)

Dartmoor (Critical)

Exmoor (Critical)

Fell Pony (Critical)

Highland Pony (Critical)

Akhal-Teke (Threatened)

Gotland (Threatened)

Irish Draught (Threatened)

Lipizzan (Threatened)

Brabant (Study)

Large Black (Critical)

Meishan (Critical)

Gloucestershire Old Spots (Threatened)

Blanc de Hotot (Critical)

Silver (Critical)

Silver Marten (Critical)

Argente Brun (Threatened)

Checkered Giant (Threatened)

Crème d'Argent (Threatened)

Standard Chinchilla (Threatened)

Lilac (Watch)

Rhinelander (Watch)

Harlequin (Study)

Teeswater (Critical)

Black Welsh Mountain (Threatened)

Clun Forest (Threatened)

Leicester Longwool (Threatened)

Wiltshire Horn (Watch)

Shetland (Recovering)